The procedure involved the careful removal of each piece of timber and stone, stacked temporarily, loaded on the trucks for transportation to the Clifton site, unloaded and re-arranged according to a given layout, stone by stone, piece by piece, and completed within three months. A few years later in 1846, Karachi suffered a large cholera outbreak, which led to the establishment of the Karachi Cholera Board (predecessor to the city's civic government).[89]. [45] Several of Karachi's criminal mafias became powerful during a period in the 1990s described as "the rule of the mafias. [131], Karachi Export Processing Zone, SITE, Korangi, Northern Bypass Industrial Zone, Bin Qasim and North Karachi serve as large industrial estates in Karachi. The British embarked on major works to transform the city into a major seaport, and connected it with their extensive railway network. The city's development was largely confined to the area north of the Chinna Creek prior to independence, although the seaside area of Clifton was also developed as a posh locale under the British, and its large bungalows and estates remain some of the city's most desirable properties. [89] Street lighting, traffic planning, markets regulations, and signage are also under the control of the DMCs. Turkey has offered assistance in the revival and launching modern tramway service in Karachi. [72] In 1725, a band of Balochi settlers from Makran and Kalat had settled in the hamlet after fleeing droughts and tribal feuds. Karachi coastal line of more than 60 km stretches from Cape Monze in the west to Bundle Island in the east however most of its area is barren except little tourist attraction or facilities provided and waiting for developments. [232], The Pakistani Government is developing the Karachi Metrobus project, which is a multi-line 112.9-kilometre (70 1⁄4-mile) bus rapid transit system currently under construction. Printing Press, 1960, p. 393. [citation needed] The first opened in 2007 and connects Shah Faisal Town in eastern Karachi to the industrial-estates in SITE Town 10.5 km (6 1⁄2 mi) away. KDA came into existence in 1957 with the task of managing land around Karachi, while the LDA and MDA were formed in 1993 and 1994, respectively. Rs 1,925,000 2015 - 105,000 km For Urgent Sale Honda Fit Shuttle 2012-2015 Second Owner Full Option. Railway Station. Capri Cinema, Federal B Area, Karachi 6 days ago. Karachi is home to several of Pakistan's most important museums. [189], During the period of rapid economic growth in the 1960s, large numbers Pashtuns from the NWFP migrated to Karachi with Afghan Pashtun refugees settling in Karachi during the 80's. [21] Karachiites adhere to numerous sects and sub-sects of Islam, as well as Protestant Christianity, and community of Goan Catholics. At the end of the 19th century, Karachi had an estimated population of 105,000. Karachi has developed around the Malir River and Lyari Rivers, with the Lyari shore being the site of the settlement for Kolachi. [297], The city's large population results in high numbers of homicides with a moderate homicide rate. From Karachi to the South Pole, it is 7,941.12 mi (12,780.01 km) in the north. Naimatullah Khan was the first Nazim of Karachi during the Union Council period, while Shafiq-Ur-Rehman Paracha was the first district co-ordination officer of Karachi. [196], Migrants from Punjab began settling in Karachi in large numbers in the 1960s, and now make up an estimated 14% of Karachi's population. The geographic midpoint between Karachi and Islamabad is in 354.84 mi (571.07 km) distance between both points in a bearing of 29.37°. [131], Unable to provide housing to large numbers of refugees shortly after independence, Karachi's authorities first issued "slips" to refugees beginning in 1950 – [109], The 1980s and 1990s saw an influx of almost one million Afghan refugees into Karachi fleeing the Soviet–Afghan War;[98] who were in turn followed in smaller numbers by refugees escaping from post-revolution Iran. It consists of eight phases, offering unmatched and high-quality standards of living. [142], Most of Pakistan's public and private banks are headquartered on Karachi's I. I. Chundrigar Road, which is known as "Pakistan's Wall Street",[2] with a large percentage of the cashflow in the Pakistani economy taking place on I. I. Chundrigar Road. [45] Conflict between the MQM party, and ethnic Sindhis, Pashtuns, and Punjabis was sharp. (2017) city, 14,916,456; (2018 est.) [169] The figure is disputed by all the major political parties in Sindh. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, was born in Karachi's Wazir Mansion in 1876 to such migrants from Gujarat. The Aga Khan University, founded in 1983, is Karachi's oldest private educational institution, and is one of Pakistan's most prestigious medical schools. [83] The city continued to be ruled by the Talpurs until it was occupied by forces under the command of John Keane in February 1839. [26] Kolachi was about 40 hectares in size, with some smaller fishing villages scattered in its vicinity. By the middle of 2016, Karachi's rank had dropped to 31 following the launch of anti-crime operations. [98] Urdu replaced Sindhi as Karachi's most widely spoken language; Sindhi was the mother tongue of 51% of Karachi in 1941, but only 8.5% in 1951, while Urdu grew to become the mother tongue of 51% of Karachi's population. which allowed refugees to settle on any vacant land. The All Pakistan Music Conference, linked to the 45-year-old similar institution in Lahore, has been holding its annual music festival since its inception in 2004. [183] The city's wealthy Hindus opposed the resettlement of refugees near their homes, and so many refugees were accommodated in the older and more congested parts of Karachi. The city has a sizable community of Gujarati, Marathi, Konkani-speaking refugees. [201][202] The city is also home to a small number of British and American expatriates. [106] Real-estate prices soared during this period, leading to a worsening housing crisis. [267] compared to 35% in Lahore,[267] and 16% in Multan.[267]. What is the distance in kilometers between Karachi and Matiari? [267] 57% of Karachi residents in a 2015 survey reported that the state of their neighbourhood's cleanliness was either "bad" or "very bad". [66] Some have identified the port with Karachi, though some argue the location was somewhere between Karachi and the nearby city of Thatta.[67][68]. Each District Municipal Corporation regulate land-use in developed areas, while the Sindh Building Control Authority ensures that building construction is in accordance with building & town planning regulations. [62][63][64] Both areas were island until well into the colonial era, when silting in led to them being connected to the mainland. [264] The Karachi mayor since 2016 is Waseem Akhtar, with Arshad Hassan serving as Deputy Mayor; both serve as part of the KMC. The urban area is divided into six District Municipal Corporations: Karachi East, Karachi West, Karachi Central, Karachi South, Malir, Korangi.Each district is further divided into between 22 and 42 Union Committees. km. During the 1970s this merger was reversed and Karachi became a division in its own right, covering 3,528 km². [319] The Sindh Wildlife Conservation Building, located in Saddar, served as a Freemasonic Lodge until it was taken over by the government. The city has been host to a number of domestic cricket teams including Karachi,[327] Karachi Blues,[328] Karachi Greens,[329] and Karachi Whites. [17] Ranked as a beta-global city,[18][19] the city is Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre,[20] with an estimated GDP of $114 billion (PPP) as of 2014. [201], Karachi is one of Pakistan's most religiously diverse cities. Known as the Father of Modern Karachi, mayor Seth Harchandrai Vishandas led the municipal government to improve sanitary conditions in the Old City, as well as major infrastructure works in the New Town after his election in 1911. Since 2001, restoration of the railway and restarting the system had been sought. Some had expected that the city's population to be between 22 and 30 million,[169] which would require an annual growth rate accelerating to between 4.6% and 6.33%. Public building works were undertaken at this time in Gothic and Indo-Saracenic styles, including the construction of Frere Hall in 1865 and the later Empress Market in 1889. Known as the city of lights, the largest city of Pakistan – Karachi, spreading over an area of 3,782 km sq. Monday seems to be sunny. [28] Rapid economic growth following independence attracted further migrants from throughout Pakistan and South Asia. [61] Nearchus, who commanded Alexander's naval fleet, also mentioned a hilly island by the name of Morontobara and an adjacent flat island named Bibakta, which colonial historians identified as Karachi's Manora Point and Kiamari (or Clifton), respectively, based on Greek descriptions. The city's highest monthly rainfall, 19 in (480 mm), occurred in July 1967. [47][48], Modern Karachi was reputedly founded in 1729 as the settlement of Kolachi-jo-Goth. The Sindh Madressatul Islam founded in 1885, was granted university status in 2012. [93] At the outbreak of the American Civil War, Karachi's port became an important cotton-exporting port,[92] with Indus Steam Flotilla and Orient Inland Steam Navigation Company established to transport cotton from interior Sindh to Karachi's port, and onwards to textile mills in England. Islamabad – the capital city of Pakistan is located in the northern part of the country, along the Himalayan foothills and in The Islamabad Capital Territory. The Goan community dates from 1820 and has a population estimated to be 12,000–15,000 strong. Rs 1,595,000 2010 - 75,000 km City 2010 ato. It is also connected to … 6 miles and an atmospheric pressure of 1011 mb. It will be dry with no precipitation and cloud covering 0% of the sky, the humidity will be around 35%. [308] Despite a sharp decrease in violent crime, street crime remains high. Many streets in central Karachi still retain Hindu names, especially in Mithadar, Aram Bagh (formerly Ram Bagh), and Saddar. [204][205] Post-Partition Karachi also once had a sizable refugee community from post-revolutionary Iran. Karachi's airport serves as a hub for the flag carrier, Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), as well as for Air Indus, Serene Air and airblue. It has 560 beds in operation; 122 private rooms, 117 semi-private air-conditioned rooms, 251 general ward beds, and 52 special care beds are available in their special care units such as ICU, CCU, and NICU. It is located in Pakistan, Punjab (‏پاکستان‎, پنجاب). The Pakistan Navy Engineering College (PNEC), operated by the Pakistan Navy, is associated with the National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) in Islamabad. urban agglom., 15,400,000. 2010. Retrieved 31 July 2011. a b c "Religions: Islam 95%, other (includes Christian and Hindu, 2% Ahmadiyyah ) 5%". It is expected to supply 650 million gallons daily of potable water to the city, the first phase 260 million gallons upon completion. 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